JOHN STOCKWELL: What we're going to talk about tonight are the CIA's secret wars. But the subject is much broader than merely little CIA dirty tricks and shenanigans. We're talking about a situation. Secret wars of the CIA are exposed by ex-CIA agent John Stockwell, one of the highest-ranking CIA officials ever to leave the agency and go public. He reveals the inner workings of the national security council and the CIA's.
A list of the C. I. A's involvements in Mercenary Wars around the world. C. I. A. The United States have a well known history of providing military support to countries in need. But from time to time, the US Government has provided secret forces. While many are successful, there have also been a number of failures.
This is a list of the ten top secret armies of the CIA. Up until 1. 94. 6, the CIA was the OSS (Office of Strategic Service) – in 1. President Truman created the Central Intelligence Group and transferred the assets of the OSS to them. In 1. 94. 7 the National Security Act formally created the Central Intelligence Agency from the CIG. In its earliest years the CIA, and its predecessor, the OSS, attempted to rollback communism in Eastern Europe by supporting local, anti- Communist political and para- military groups; none of the attempts were particularly successful. Attempts at instigating right- wing counter- revolutions in the Ukraine and Belarus, by infiltrating anti- Communist spies and saboteurs failed.
Ukrainian Partisans From 1. CIA trained and aerially supplied Ukranian partisan units which had originally been organised by he Germans to fight the Soviets during WWII. For seven years, the partisans, operating in the Carpathian Mountains, made sporadic attacks. Finally in 1. 95. Soviet military force wiped them out.
Chinese Brigade in Burma. After the Communist victory in China, Nationalist Chinese soldiers fled into northern Burma.
During the early 1. CIA used these soldiers to create a 1. Red China. Guatemalan Rebel Army.
After Guatemalan president Jacobo Arbenz legalised that country’s communist party and expropriated 4. United Fruit banana plantations, the CIA decided to overthrow his government. Guatemalan rebels were trained in Honduras and backed up with a CIA air contingent of bombers and fighter planes.
This army invaded Guatemala in 1. Arbenz’s regine.
Sumatran Rebels. In an attempt to overthrow Indonesian president Sukarno in 1. CIA sent paramilitary experts and radio operators to the island of Sumatra to organise a revolt. With CIA air support, the rebel army attacked but was quickly defeated. The American government denied involvement even after a CIA b- 2.
LibraryThing Review User Review - BBcummings - LibraryThing. This was a difficult book for me to rate, and even more difficult to review. It is also rather remarkable that bad reviews of this book can come from both sides of. Americas Third World War. How 6 million People Were killed in CIA secret wars against third world countries. See below THE SECRET WARS OF THE CIA: PRESS PLAY TO VIEW. John Stockwell, former.
CIA pilot, Allen Pope, was captured. Khamba Horsemen. After the 1. Chinese invasion of Tibet, the CIA began recruiting Khamba horsemen – fierce warriors who supported Tibet’s religious leader, the Dalai Lama – as they escaped into India in 1. These Khambas were trained in modern warfare at Camp Hale, high in the rocky mountains near Leadville, Colorado. Transported back to Tibet by the CIA operated Air American, the Khambas organised an army number at its peak some 1. By the mid- 1. 96. Khambas had been abandoned by the CIA but they fought on alone until 1.
Bay of Pigs Invasion Force. In 1. 96. 0, CIA operatives recruited 1,5.
Cuban refugees living in Miami and staged a surprise attack on Fidel Castro’s Cuba. Trained at a base in Guatemala, this small army – complete with an air force consisting of B- 2. Bay of Pigs on April 1. The ill- conceived, poorly planned operation ended in disaster, since all but 1. Source. 7. L’armee Clandestine. In 1. 96. 2, CIA agents recruited Meo tribesmen living in the mountains of Laos to fight as guerrillas against Communist Pathet Lao forces.
By 1. 97. 5 the Meos – who had numbers a quarter million in 1. Thailand. Nung Mercenaries.
Start by marking “Safe For Democracy: The Secret Wars Of The CIA” as Want to Read. CIA and Pentagon Covert Operations from World War II Through the Persian. Prados has done serious archival. Joe Goldberg's 'Secret Wars: An Espionage Story' is a book about the CIA’s global fight against terrorism. The weapons have remained the same throughout history: the use of force and covert action.
A Chinese hill people living in Vietname, the Nungs were hired and organised by the CIA as a mercenary force, during the Vietnam war. The Nungs proved costly since they refused to fight unless constantly supplied with beer and prostitutes. Peruvian Regiment.
Unable to quell guerrilla forces in its eastern Amazonian provinces, Peru called on the US for help in the mid- 1. The CIA responded by establishing a fortified camp in the area and hiring local Peruvians who were trained by Green Beret personnel on loan from the US army. After crushing the guerrillas, the elite unit was disbanded because of fears it might stage a coup against the government.
Congo Mercenary Force. In 1. 96. 4, during the Congolese Civil War, the CIA established an army in the Congo to back pro- Western leaders Cyril Adoula and Joseph Mobutu. The Cambodian Coup.
For over 1. 5 years, the CIA had tried various unsuccessful means of deposing Cambodia’s left- leaning Prince Norodom Sihanouk, including assassination attempts. However, in March, 1. CIA- backed coup finally did the job.
Funded by US tax dollars, armed with US weapons, and trained by American Green Berets, anti- Sihanouk forces called Kampuchea Khmer Krom (KKK) overran the capital of Phnom Penh and took control of the government. With the blessing of the CIA and the Nixon administration, control of Cambodia was placed in the hands of Lon Nol, who would later distinguish himself by dispatching soldiers to butcher tens of thousands of civilians. Kurd Rebels. During the early 1. CIA moved into eastern Iraq to organize and supply the Kurds of that area, who were rebelling against the pro- Soviet Iraqi government. The real purpose behind this action was to help the shah of Iran settle a border dispute with Iraq favourably. After an Iranian- Iraq settlement was reached, the CIA withdrew its support from the Kurds, who were then crushed by the Iraqi Army. Angola Mercenary Force.
In 1. 97. 5, after years of bloody fighting and civil unrest in Angola, Portugal resolved to relinquish its hold on the last of its African colonies. The transition was to take place on November 1.
Luanda on that date. In the months preceding the change, three groups vied for power: the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA), the National Front for the Liberation of Angola (FNLA) and the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA). By July 1. 97. 5, the Marxist MPLA had ousted the moderate FNLA and UNITA from Luanda, so the CIA decided to intervene covertly. Despite overwhelming evidence to the contrary, US officials categorically denied any involvement in the Angolan conflict. In the end, it was a fruitless military adventure, for the MPLA assumed power and controls Angola to this day. Afghan Mujaheedin. Covert support for the groups fighting against the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan began under President Jimmy Carter in 1.
Ronald Reagan. The operation succeeded in its initial goal, as the Soviets were forced to begin withdrawing their forces in 1. Unfortunately, once the Soviets left, the US essentially ignored Afghanistan as it collapsed into a five- year civil war followed by the rise of the ultra- fundamentalist Taliban. The Taliban provided a haven for Osama bin Laden and al- Qaeda, the perpetrators of the 9/1. Salvadoran Death Squads. As far back as 1. CIA helped form ORDEN and ANSESAL, two paramilitary intelligence networks that developed into the Salvadoran death squads. The CIA trained ORDEN leaders in the use of automatic weapons and surveillance techniques, and placed several leaders on the CIA payroll.
The CIA also provided detailed intelligence on Salvadoran individuals later murdered by the death squads. During the civil war in El Salvador from 1. Even after a public outcry forced President Reagan to denounce the death squads in 1. CIA support continued. Nicaraguan Contras. On November 2. 3, 1.
President Ronald Reagan signed a top secret National Security Directive authorising the CIA to spend $1. Contras, opponents of Nicaragua’s Sandinista government. In supporting the Contras, the CIA carried out several acts of sabotage without the Congressional intelligence committees giving consent – or even being informed beforehand.
In response, Congress passed the Boland Amendment, prohibiting the CIA from providing aid to the Contras. Attempts to find alternate sources of funds led to the Iran- Contra scandal.
It may also have led the CIA and the Contras to become actively involved in drug smuggling. In 1. 98. 8, the Senate Subcommittee on Narcotics, Terrorism, and International Operations concluded that individuals in the Contra movement engaged in drug trafficking; that known drug traffickers provided assistance to the Contras; and that .
Haitian Coup. In 1. CIA attempted to intervene in Haiti’s elections with a . Three years later, Aristide was overthrown in a bloody coup that killed more than 4,0.
Many of the leaders of the coup had been on the CIA payroll since the mid- 1. For example, Emmanuel . Similarly, the CIA- created Haitian National Intelligence Service (NIS), supposedly created to combat drugs, functioned during the coup as a .
Ironically, even after this, the CIA continued working with FRAPH and the NIS. In 2. 00. 4, Aristide was overthrown once again, with Aristide claiming that US forces had kidnapped him. Venezuelan Coup Attempt. On April 1. 1, 2. Venezuelan military leaders attempted to overthrow the country’s democratically- elected left- wing president, Hugo Chavez.
The administration of George W. Bush was the only democracy in the Western Hemisphere not to condemn the coup attempt. According to intelligence analyst Wayne Madsen, the CIA had actively organised the coup.